An Introduction to the Acoustic Guitar

Tools for Success

Music stand Shop Now
A stand is necessary in order to maintain proper posture and for seeing the lesson book or lesson worksheets. Purchase a simple adjustable music stand that can be used for years to come.

Tuner Shop Now
Tuning the acoustic guitar is an essential part of daily practice. A tuner will make tuning the guitar quick and easy. Keep it in the guitar case so it’s always handy.

Strings Shop Now
Guitar strings need to be changed fairly regularly, so it is beneficial to have a pack or two on hand at all times. Also, if a string ever breaks, having spare strings enables a backup to be easily swapped out.

Guitar picks Shop Now
Most students start learning how to play by using a pick. It is suggested that several are purchased, as they seem to disappear easily! Try a few different thicknesses to see what feels best.

Guitar Stand Shop Now
Rather than leaning the guitar against a chair or the wall—this is an easy way for the instrument to fall and get damaged—a guitar stand provides an easy and secure way to put the guitar down in the practice space. A stand is especially handy if the guitar is picked up and put down often.

Guitar Case Shop Now
A case is essential for keeping the guitar safe and blemish free. A hard shell case offers the most protection. Any sort of stiff case that fits the guitar snuggly will allow the guitar to travel to a lesson or performances without damage.

Soft cloth and guitar polish Shop Now
Students should get into the habit of wiping the guitar down before it’s put back into the case so that the instrument will maintain a beautiful, fingerprint-free luster for years to come. Wiping down strings after playing allows for longer playing life, too.

Guitar Strap Shop Now
Many guitarists stand up when they perform. For this, a guitar strap is required to hold the guitar over your shoulder and around your neck so that your hands are free. If the guitar has strap pegs on the bottom and by the base of the neck, choose a strap with a hole on each end. If there is no peg by the neck, get a strap with strings that tie around the neck near the headstock.

Basic Guitar Maintenance


Keep the guitar in a case. A good sturdy case that fits the guitar snugly is recommended. When putting the guitar into the case, never leave the latches undone. This can result in the guitar accidentally falling out if the case is picked up before the latches are closed.

Because a guitar is made of wood, it can be affected by temperature and humidity. Try not to expose the instrument to extreme temperatures if possible. Don’t store it in a musty basement or a hot attic. Never leave a guitar in a hot or cold car, as this can cause serious damage.

Cleaning the Guitar
An instrument will maintain its beautiful finish longer if it is regularly wiped down with a soft cloth. If there are a lot of fingerprints, try using guitar polish. DO NOT use furniture polish or anything abrasive. There are a lot of inexpensive guitar-cleaning products available that are perfect for cleaning guitars.

Wipe down the strings every day after playing. This will remove the oils from fingertips and help the strings to last longer.


Changing strings
Change your strings fairly regularly. If you’re practicing every day, it’s probably a good idea to change them at least once a month. But if there are challenges getting the guitar to stay in tune, or if the sound feels flat or lifeless, try changing them sooner. Never detune or remove all of the strings at once. This can cause uneven tension on the neck that can lead to damage.


There are other maintenance items that should be taken care of by a professional. Here are some of them:

  • Truss rod adjustments to keep the neck straight and even.
  • Uneven frets can be smoothed or adjusted.
  • Bridges and saddles sometimes need to be adjusted to improve the action or the distance between the strings and the fretboard. A higher action can make it more difficult to press down on the strings. A lower action can lead to an unwanted buzz as the strings vibrate against the frets.

After purchasing a new guitar, it is smart to take it to a local shop or service center and have it “set up.” A professional will adjust many of the items mentioned above and more to make sure the acoustic guitar is in optimum playing condition. It’s good practice to have a professional check the guitar out at least once a year to make sure everything is in tip-top condition.

Guitar Practice

How much should a guitar student practice?
First, remember that regular practice is more important than the amount of time per session. For example, 30-40 minutes every day is far more effective than four hours over the weekend and nothing in between.

Encourage students to practice at least 20 minutes per day or longer. It is also advised that you discourage sessions longer than an hour at once. This can lead to pain or stress injuries. If students want to play or practice longer, it’s best to take a break between 30-40 minute chunks of time.

Forming Good Habits

Sitting position
Acoustic guitarists should sit on a chair with no arms and put his or her two feet on the floor, keeping their back straight. If they are right handed, the waist of the guitar should rest on the right leg and the back of the guitar should be held against the chest and stomach. The neck should be fairly horizontal to the floor.

The left hand should not be used to support the neck from dropping toward the floor. The right arm reaches over the top of the guitar body and helps to stabilize the guitar. Make sure the body is comfortable and relaxed and does not slouch over the top of the guitar. Resist the temptation of allowing the left elbow to rest on top of the left leg.

Left hand position (fretting hand)
The thumb of the fretting hand should rest behind the neck of the guitar. Bend all of the knuckles so fingers are curved and use the very top of the fingertips to press against the strings. Fingernails must be kept short. Fingertips should be placed as close to the frets as possible without being on top of the actual fret. The first couple weeks of playing will result in soreness in the fingertips, but calluses will soon begin to form, making fretting much easier.

Right hand position (strumming hand)
Rest the right arm on the upper part of the guitar body, reaching around the guitar. The right hand floats comfortably above the sound hole, and the arm, wrist and hand should be relaxed.

Using a pick
The pick should be held between the thumb and index finger. Place the pick on the side of the index finger and then hold it in place firmly with the thumb. Keep the rest of the fingers curved and relaxed. For small hands, it may be helpful to turn the pick so that a shorter side can be used against the strings. This can encourage greater picking control and prevent the pick from hitting the body of the guitar.

Pick strumming technique
Relax the wrist and move up and down along the strings bending at the wrist. Do not lock the arm and move only from the elbow. As the wrist bends, the elbow will move slightly as well. Strum down in a fluid motion, plucking each string along the way for a downstroke. Strum up in a similar fashion for an upstroke. Depending on the chord or desired effect, players may not always strike every string as they move up and down.

Speed Bumps

Finger pain
In the beginning, the strings can hurt a player’s fingers. This is because in acoustic guitar playing, there’s a narrow piece of wire pushing against sensitive fingertips. There are a few things that can help alleviate this. First, make sure the “action” is not too high. This can force the player to push down very hard on the strings and that hurts even more! Make sure the guitar is strung with light-gauge strings. These are also easier to press and hurt less. Students should be encouraged not to press the strings too hard. They only need to press hard enough to contact the frets. Pressing too hard can cause finger pain and make it harder to transition from chord to chord.

Students should play regularly, but not too much. We don’t want blisters! As they play, calluses will build up on their fingertips over time and it will stop hurting. Also, fingernails on the left hand should be kept short, allowing the tips of the fingers to easily connect with the strings.

Note buzzing or muted notes
The trick to playing guitar notes clearly is to press the strings firmly at the correct fret while not touching any other strings in the process. This can be quite tricky for new learners and often notes will sound muted and dull. Make sure that fingers on the fretting hand are curved at every knuckle and that the tips of the fingers are used to connect with the strings. Proper posture helps as well.

Guitar size
Many young guitarists are physically too small to play a full-sized guitar. A 3/4-sized guitar may just fit the bill, enabling players with smaller hands and shorter arms to succeed at fingering and strumming their instrument. As they grow, they will need to switch to a full sized guitar. Even as adults, pay attention to body and instrument size. Smaller adults may also find smaller body guitars more comfortable to play.

It can take a while for students to be able to change from one chord to the next fluidly. This can be discouraging. There are some chords that require very little finger movement and are easier to move from one to the next. For example, changing from a C chord to an Am chord only requires the movement of one finger. It’s important that students have some success with easy chords and can build from there. It can take several weeks or months before they can play many chords fluently, and this requires regular practice.

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